WHAT IS CBD?
CBD is one of 85 identified cannabinoids found within the Hemp plant . It is a major cannabinoid. Cannabinoid rich hemp oil accounts for up to 40% of the plants extract.
WHAT IS THE ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM?
The endocannabinoid system was named after the cannabis plant, which in turn led to the discovery of the most important physiological system within the human body. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found within the body and the brain, connective tissues, glands, and most importantly in our immune cells. In these tissues, the cannabinoid system has many different tasks, but most importantly it maintains balance and ensures that our bodies maintain homeostasis.
To date, researchers have pinpointed 2 specific sorts of receptors: CB1 and CB2.
The two types have differing properties and are distributed throughout the body in different regions, similar to a fingerprint are never identical in two distinctive individuals.
CB1 receptors are widespread throughout the brain, connective tissues, glands and also the central nervous system.
They have a strong affinity for THC and are largely responsible for mediating the psychoactive effects of cannabinoids.
CB2 receptors, on the other hand are found withn our the immune systems and organs, this includs the tonsils, the thymus gland and the spleen, as well as the gastrointestinal system. They are found throughout the cerebral network, although not to the same extent as CB1 receptors.
It is CB2 receptors that are most liable for facilitating the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids.
Endo-cannabinoids are the substances our bodies naturally make to stimulate these receptors.
The two most well understood of those molecules area unit referred to as anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol.
They are synthesized on-demand from plasma membrane arachidonic acid derivatives, have a neighborhoodresult and short half-life before being degraded by the enzymes carboxylic acid organic compound hydrolase (FAAH) and monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL).
Within the cannabis plant, dozens of active compounds are found within the stem, the flowers and leaves.
80 distinctive cannabinoids are known by researchers found within the miraculous cannabis plant.
Research has produced synthetic THC, FDA approved for the treatment of nausea and wasting syndrome. Synthetic cannabinoids are a lot stronger than natural cannabinoids, they are isolated compounds, they do not contain full spectrum cannabinoids, they do not create the entourage effect and have never really had a high success rate within the medical community.
WHAT ARE TERPENES
In the plant kingdom, Terpenes play a vital role. They protect plants from environmental stresses and deter insect predation. They act as building blocks for molecules such as cannabinoids. Varieties of terpenes either catalyze or inhibit formation of various compounds within the plant. How terpenes function, allow scientists to shape cannabinoids to desired ratios.